The Directive (EU) 2016/1148 concerning measures for implementing an equivalent and commonly high level of security in network and information systems across the Union (the NIS Directive) is currently reviewed by the European Commission. our position is guided by the urgent need to create a more coherent and harmonized common level playing field for operators of essential services (OES) as well as for digital service providers (DSP) across the Union. We are convinced that common and harmonized cybersecurity rules at EU level are the most effective way to achieve a higher level of cyber resilience. We see the clear need to deepen the harmonization of the European Digital Single Market and to avoid new forms of fragmentation. Persisting communication bottlenecks need to be made the centerpiece of the NIS-Review.